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  1. #1681
    Dwarf Moray, Gymnothorax melatremus


    Bentfin Devilray, Mobula thurstoni

    Distribution; Off Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia, and off Mackay and Port Douglas, Queensland, Elsewhere the species is known from scattered locations in the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.

    Feeding: Feeds on pelagic crustaceans such as euphausid and mysid shrimps.

    An aplacental viviparous species - embryos initially obtain nutrients from the yolk, then absorb enriched uterine fluid provided by the mother. Females produce a single pup (length 65-85 cm DW) after a gestation period of about one year.

    Taylor's Pygmy Leatherjacket, Brachaluteres taylori

    Distribution: Inhabits coastal reefs, sheltering amongst algae, hard and soft corals, seagrass beds, sponges and crinoids.

    Feeding: Omnivore

    Parazen, Parazen pacificus Kamohara

    Distribution; West of Shark Bay to northwest of Port Hedland, Western Australia, and off Raine Island, Queensland, to off Eden, New South Wales. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical west Indian Ocean, west and east Pacific, west Atlantic. The Parazen is benthopelagic on the continental slope, and is infrequently taken by bottom trawls in Australia.

    Feeding: Taken as bycatch in commercial trawls.

    Sargassum Fish, Histrio histrio

    Size: To 16 cm.

    Colour: Colour variable to match the floating Saragassum macroalgae in which it usually lives, ranging from pale cream to yellow, mottled green and brown.

    Biology: The sexes are separate and fertilisation is external. Females lay pelagic eggs in a gelatinous scroll or ribbon-like raft attached to the floating Sargassum. Larvae are pelagic.

  2. #1682
    Shortfin Cut-throat Eel, Synaphobranchus brevidorsalis


    Blotched Fantail Ray, Taeniurops meyeni

    Distribution: Elsewhere, the Blotched Fantail Ray is found in the tropical Indo-Pacific. Inhabits sandy and rubble bottoms around coral reefs and in deeper offshore waters.

    Colour: Blackish to grey above with white blotches and spots; disc margin and underside white.

    Feeding: Carnivore - feeds on benthic fishes and invertebrates such as crabs, shrimps and bivalve molluscs.

    Baldhead Halosaur, Aldrovandia phalacra

    Feeding: Feeds on crustaceans such as amphipods, mysids and copepods, and on polychaete worms.
    AldrovandPhalacra2NOAA (1).jpg

    Splendid Dottyback, Manonichthys splendens

    Max Size:10 cm, Depth:3-35 m, Habitat:Reef associated

    Gunther's Pipehorse, Solegnathus lettiensis

    Distribution: Recorded in Australia from Rottnest Is, WA (32º00´E) to N of Bathurst Is, NT (130º09'S). Found elsewhere in the Indo-west Pacific.

    Depth:trawled in 150-180 m

    Pallid Pipehorse, Solegnathus hardwickii

    Max Size:40 cm TL

  3. #1683
    Banded Rockcod, Hyporthodus ergastularius

    Distribution: Island region and the Norfolk Ridge in the Tasman Sea. Juveniles occur in shallower waters than adults.

    Feeding: Carnivore - feeds on fishes, crustaceans and molluscs. A juvenile was taken on hook and line in Sydney Harbour using squid as bait.

    Biology: A protogynous hermaphrodite. Females are thought to mature at between 70 and 80 cm in length and 6 to 8 kg in weight.

    Rainford's Dartfish, Parioglossus rainfordi

    Distribution: Marchinbar Island, Northern Territory, and Cape York to Great Keppel Island Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, west-central Pacific. Forms schools in estuaries around mangroves.

    Depth:0-5 m, Habitat:Estuaries, mangroves

    Spiny Pipehorse, Solegnathus spinosissimus

    Size: Maximum length 49 cm

    Feeding: Carnivore. Individuals use their prehensile tail to cling to macroalgae or sessile invertebrates. They feed on planktonic invertebrates drifting by in the currents.

    Biology: Like all members of the family Syngnathidae, Spiny Pipehorse males incubate the eggs. Solegnathus species lack a brood pouch, and females deposit their eggs onto a specialised brood area under the tail of the male pipehorse. The brood area becomes spongy and highly vascularised during the breeding season and the eggs become embedded in this vascularised tissue.

    Indian Telescopefish, Gigantura indica

    Distribution: Adults inhabit mesopelagic and upper bathypelagic zones, while the larvae are epipelagic mostly in depths between 30-170 m.

    Biology: Telescopefishes are synchronous hermaphrodites, and have an extended larval stage in epipelagic waters prior to metamorphosis.

    Eyebrow Tuskfish, Choerodon zamboangae

    Distribution: Northwest of Karratha, Western Australia, to the Arafura Sea south of Evans Shoal, Northern Territory. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, west Pacific. Inhabits deep outer reefs, and adjacent sand/rubble flats and weedy areas.

    Etymology: The species is named zamboangae for the type locality, Zamboanga in the Philippines.

  4. #1684
    Floral Banded Wobbegong, Orectolobus floridus

    Depth:42–85 m, Max Size:75 cm TL.

    Elegant Sandburrower, Limnichthys nitidus

    Colour: Body whitish, semi-translucent, with 7-12 narrow, brown saddles on the back, a brown midlateral stripe extending from near the pectoral-fin base to the caudal-fin base (weak or absent in some specimens); all dorsal saddles not reaching lateral stripe; a narrow brown band on interorbit passing through the eye and obliquely to the posterior end of the maxillary; fins transparent.

    Biology: Species of the genus Limnichthyhs are protandrous hermaphrodites, meaning that they change sex from male to female during their life.

    Innerspot Sandgoby, Fusigobius inframaculatus

    Distribution: Recorded in Australia from Raine Island, northern Great Barrier Reef, to North Solitary Island, New South Wales. Elsewhere, the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific. inhabits sandy and coral rubble areas at the base of coral overhangs.

    Sixgill Stingray, Hexatrygon bickelli

    Distribution: Off Flinders Reef, Queensland Plateau, Coral Sea, and off Shark Bay to Exmouth Plateau, Western Australia. Elsewhere the species is widespread with a patchy distribution on continental slopes and seamounts in the Indo-west-central Pacific in depths to 1120 m.

    Biology: Viviparous. Males mature at about 110 cm TL, and females at about 113 cm TL; size at birth about 48 cm TL.

    Centrophorus westraliensis


  5. #1685
    Leopard Whipray, Himantura leoparda

    Depth:to 70 m

    Tanned Bristlemouth, Cyclothone pallida

    Habitat:Meso- to bathypelagic, Max Size:5 cm TL

    Marion's Spiderfish, Bathytyphlops marionae

    Distribution: SW of Rowley Shoals (18 23 S, 116 47 E), Western Australia, and E of Tuncurry, New South Wales; also south of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean, outside AUS EEZ. Elsewhere, the species is circumglobal in tropical seas.

    Feeding: Feeds on small crustaceans.

    Biology: All spiderfishes (family Ipnopidae) are synchronous hermaphrodites. They have an ovotestes with both male and female reproductive tissue.

  6. #1686
    Starry Seabat, Halieutaea sp

    Distribution: Widespread in the Western Pacific from Western Australia to French Polynesia and from southern Japan to northern New Zealand.

    Features: Dorsal-fin soft rays: 4-5.
    Body rounded, slightly wider than long, with strongly pointed tubercles on dorsal surface and body margins; interspaces of entire body covered with tiny spinules.

    Colour: Reddish with a vermiculate pattern on dorsal surface.
    Fisheries: The species is used in the Traditional Chinese Medicine industry.

    Bluetail Leatherjacket, Eubalichthys cyanoura

    Distribution: Endemic to southern Australia, from York Peninsula, South Australia, to Dongara, Western Australia. Inhabits coastal reefs to a depth of 30 m, preferring exposed offshore areas. Juveniles have been found under jetties in coastal embayments.

    Size: Reaches a total length of 42 cm (36 cm SL).

    Etymology: The specific name is from the Greek kyanos (dark blue) and oura (tail), in reference to the blue caudal fin of the male.

    Lord Howe Conger, Ariosoma howensis


    Bluelined Leatherjacket, Meuschenia galii

    Distribution: Although only found in small numbers, the Bluelined Leatherjacket is most common on coastal reefs in Western Australia.

    Size: To 35 cm

    Spiny Seadevil, Neoceratias spinifer

    Biology:Males parasitic, Depth:To 1200 m, Habitat:Mesopelagic

    Max Size:11 cm TL.

    Whitebarred Boxfish, Anoplocapros lenticularis

    Distribution: Although individuals are occasionally observed by divers on offshore reefs and around jetty pylons, they are most frequently seen as by-catch in commercial trawl operations, especially in the Great Australian Bight.

    Feeding: Carnivore - feeds on invertebrates such as crustaceans.

    Biology: The sexes are separate and fertilisation is external. Eggs and larvae are pelagic.

    Fisheries: Although of no interest to fisheries, the species is taken as by-catch in commercial trawls.

  7. #1687
    Rubinoff's triplefin, Axoclinus rubinoffi

    Distribution: Southeast Pacific: Malpelo Island, Colombia. (Tropical)

    Size: 3.5 cm

    Biology: Adults inhabit rocky areas. They feed on tiny invertebrates and algae. Eggs are hemispherical and covered with numerous sticky threads that anchor them in the algae on the nesting sites. Larvae are planktonic which occur primarily in shallow, nearshore waters.

    Multibarred triplefin, Axoclinus multicinctus

    Environment / Climate / Range: Marine, demersal, depth range 8 - m, Tropical.

    Distribution: Eastern Central Pacific: known only from the Revillagigedo Islands.

    Size: Max length : 3.0 cm

    Biology: Adults feed on tiny invertebrates and algae. Eggs are hemispherical and covered with numerous sticky threads that anchor them in the algae on the nesting sites.

  8. #1688
    Olive flathead-gudgeon


    Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: India. Western Central Pacific: Japan, Philippines and Indonesia. Reported from Palau

    Size: Max length : 14.0 cm

    Biology: Usually found in brackish mangrove areas and in creeks and rivers, sometimes well upstream

    Bunocephalus doriae

    Ambient: Tropical

    Distribution: South America: Paraguay-Paraná and Uruguay River basins.

    Max length : 8.3 cm

    Biology: Inhabits clearwater streams with sandy to muddy bottom, up to 2.5 m deep, with water flow up to 50 cm/sec. Supposedly an air-breather that hides amidst plant debris on the bottom during the day. Feeds mainly on chironomid larvae and oligochaetes, besides larvae of several aquatic insects

    Davao pughead pipefish

    Ambient: Tropical

    Distribution: indo-West Pacific: Kenya (near Mombasa) and from the Philippines southeastward to Fiji.

    Max length : 4.3 cm

    Biology: Planktonic fish taken within upper 200 m over depths of 610 to 7,120 m, whereas metamorphosed demersal examples are from coral habitats in 1.8 to 8 m. Ovoviviparous.

    Stripeback hap

    Environment / Climate / Range: Freshwater, Tropical.

    Distribution: Africa: Endemic to Lake Malawi.

    Max length : 23.0 cm


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