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  1. #1691
    Spined Pygmy Shark

    Carribean Roughshark

    Arrowhead Dogfish

  2. #1692
    Ituglanis passensis

    Ambiente: Freshwater, Tropical; 19°C - 23°C .

    Distribution: South America: known only from Passa Três cave, Brazil.

    Max length : 7.0 cm.

    Biologia: Occurs in small riffles with slow current 15-20 cm deep on average. Exhibits crypto-biotic habits, hiding in the gravel bottom or under limestone blocks. No observed agonistic behavior.

    Ituglanis metae

    Environment: Freshwater, Tropical.

    Distribution: South America: Colombia.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 7.8 cm NG male/

    Ituglanis laticeps

    Environment / Climate / Range; Freshwater, tropical.

    Distribution: South America: Ecuador.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 8.9 cm.

  3. #1693
    Istigobius hoshinonis

    Environment / Climate / Range: Marine, Tropical 40°N - 20°N.

    Distribution: Northwest Pacific: southern Japan, southern Korea, and Hong Kong. Reported from the Penghu Islands.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 8.9 cm.

    Biology: Common on sand or mud bottoms in shallow water. May be solitary or in small schools near crevices or under stones. Lays its eggs under shells where males care for the young; spawning took place from May to July.

    Istigobius goldmanni , Goldman's goby

    Environment / Climate / Range: Marine, Tropical 25°N - 30°S.

    Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines to Fiji, north to Taiwan, south to northwestern Australia and southern Queensland. Recently recorded from Tonga.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 6.0 cm.

    Biology: Found in sandy areas with both living coral and coral rubble, and from both moderately clear and turbid water.

    Istiblennius unicolor, Pallid rockskipper

    Environment / Climate / Range: Marine, Tropical: 30°N - 13°N, 33°E - 44°E.

    Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: endemic to the Red Sea; from northernmost Gulf of Aqaba, south to Dahlak Archipelago in the southern Red Sea.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 10.2 cm.

    Biology: A rare species endemic to the Red Sea; nothing is known of its habits nor habitat preferences.

    Istiblennius lineatus, Lined rockskipper

    Environment / Climate / Range: Marine: 0 - 3 m, Tropical; 32°N - 28°S.

    Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Laccadive Islands and Maldives to Mangaréva, Gambier Islands. Western Central Pacific: Guam.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 15.0 cm.

    Biology: Adults occur in the intertidal zone of rocky shores, rocky reef flats: including rock pools, harbors and mangrove zones.

    Istiblennius edentulus , Rippled rockskipper

    Environment / Climate / Range: Tropical; 32°N - 32°S.

    Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe and Rapa.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 16.0 cm.

  4. #1694
    Bigtooth corvina, Isopisthus parvipinnis

    Environment / Climate / Range: Tropical; 10°N - 27°S, 83°W - 34°W.

    Distribution: Western Atlantic: Costa Rica to southern Brazil.

    Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 25.0 cm.

    Biology: Found in shallow coastal waters over sandy mud or soft mud bottoms.

    Isistius plutodus, Largetooth cookiecutter shark

    Environment / Climate / Range: Subtropical; 44°N - 33°S.

    Distribution: Atlantic: off Alabama, USA and the Gulf of Mexico; including Brazil and West Sahara and off Azores. Northwest Pacific: off Okinawa, Japan and Australia (NSW). A very rare species.

    Max length : 42.0 cm.

    Biology: very rare species known only from few localities in epipelagic waters. Apparently feeds on small epibenthic and epipelagic invertebrates and fish. Its powerful jaws, big mouth and enormous lower teeth enable it to bite off large portion of its prey in one sweeping motion. A facultative ectoparasite evidenced by its suctorial lips and feeding apparatus. It has extremely short snout and anteriorly positioned eyes which allows for binocular vision .
    Isplu_j0.jpg Isplu_u0.jpg

    Chinese ghoul, Inimicus caledonicus

    Environment / Climate / Range: Tropical, Marine.

    Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman, India and Nicobar islands. Western Pacific: Thailand, Australia, Papua New Guinea and New Caledonia.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 25.0 cm .

    Biology: Seldom noticed because of its efficient camouflage. Inhabits sand, rubble and mud bottoms in 15-60 m.
    Incal_u0.jpg Incal_u2.jpg

    Iniistius verrens

    Environment / Climate / Range: Subtropical.

    Distribution: Northwest Pacific: Japan and Taiwan.

  5. #1695
    Iniistius trivittatus

    Environment / Climate / Range: Marine: depth range 0 - 10 m.

    Distribution: Northwest Pacific: known only from Hong Kong and Taiwan.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 30.0 cm.

    Biology: Juveniles in coastal waters along reef edges on sand or rubble, or open patches on reef. Adults mainly in deep outer reef habitats where they occur in small loose group along sand ridges .

    Fivefinger wrasse, Iniistius pentadactylus

    Environment / Climate / Range: Marine: tropical

    Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Pacific.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 25.0 cm .

    Biology: Found over sandy bottoms of coastal areas and also in areas with some seagrass or algae. Ranges to a depth of over 18 m.

    Iniistius geisha

    Environment / Climate / Range: Marine, reef-associated, Tropical.

    Distribution: Western Central Pacific: Guam to Saipan.

  6. #1696
    Imparfinis nemacheir

    Environment / Climate / Range: Freshwater: Tropical.

    Distribution: South America: upper Amazon and Orinoco River basins, and Lake Maracaibo basin.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 9.9 cm.
    Imnem_u0.jpg Imnem_u0.jpg

    Iksookimia longicorpa

    Environment / Climate / Range: Freshwater.

    Distribution: Asia: southern Korea. Possible occurrence in the Amur basin needs better reference.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 11.0 cm .

    Usumacinta buffalo, Ictiobus meridionalis .

    Environment / Climate / Range: Freshwater, Tropical.

    Distribution: Central America: southern Mexico and Guatemala.

    Biology: Weight of 8,405 grams reported for a specimen caught in Misicab Island, Tabasco, Mexico (E.Perusquia as pers. comm., 02/05).

    Headwater catfish, Ictalurus lupus

    Environment / Climate / Range: Freshwater, Subtropical; 32°N - 26°N.

    Distribution: North America: USA to Rio Grande drainage including Pecos River system in southeast New Mexico and Devils River in southern Texas; also in northeastern Mexico.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 48.0 cm.

    Biology: Inhabits sandy and rocky riffles, runs and pools of clear creeks and small rivers and also springs. Greatly resembles a small channel catfish, however, body lacks spots and the caudal fin is not deeply forked, the base of the anal fin is longer than the head length.

  7. #1697
    Icosteus aenigmaticus, Ragfish

    Environment / Climate / Range: Marine, Deep-water; 66°N - 32°N.

    Distribution: North Pacific: Japan to southeastern Alaska and to Point Loma, southern California, USA.

    Max length : 213 cm

    Biology: Adults occur near bottom; juveniles in shallow water or offshore near the surface.

    Medusafish, Icichthys lockingtoni

    Environment / Climate / Range: Subtropical; 60°N -

    Distribution: North Pacific: Japan and Gulf of Alaska to central Baja California, Mexico.

    Max length : 46.0 cm

    Icichthys australis, Southern driftfish

    Environment / Climate / Range: Marine: Oceanic

    Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Tasmania. Pacific and Atlantic: New Zealand, Chile, Argentina and the Falkland Islands. Southern Ocean: South Georgia, South Orkney Islands, and the Kerguelen Islands. Juveniles found both north and south of the Antarctic Convergence and are probably circumpolar between 50°-60°S.

    Biology: A rare: oceanic species.
    Icaus_u0.jpg Icaus_u0.jpg

    Ichthyscopus lebeck, Longnosed stargazer

    Environment / Climate / Range: Tropical.

    Distribution; Indo-West Pacific: mainly from the southern coasts of India; a single record from Singapore.

    Max length : 60.0 cm
    Icleb_u2.jpg Icleb_u0.jpg

    Doubleband stargazer

    Environment / Climate / Range: Tropical

    Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: northwestern Australia.

    Max length : 30.0 cm

    Biology: Inhabits trawling grounds.

    Ohio lamprey

    Environment / Climate / Range: Freshwater.

    Distribution: North America: Ohio River basin from extreme southwestern New York west to northern Indiana and eastern Illinois and south to northern Alabama in USA.

    Biology: Inhabit smaller, more upland rivers, and less encountered in reservoirs. Freshwater. Ammocoetes and spawning adults inhabit brooks and small rivers, while feeding adults inhabit medium-sized to large rivers. Ammocoete larvae live near debris in muddy pools and backwaters. Known to parasitize suckers.

  8. #1698
    Jaydia argyrogaster, Silvermouth siphonfish

    Environment / Climate / Range: Tropical.

    Distribution; Western Central Pacific: northern Australia, from the Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia to the Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland. Recently reported from Indonesia.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 6.0 cm.

    Biology: Found on the continental shelf. Also seen in sand/rubble bottoms among rocks, gorgonians and sponges.

    Jinshaia sinensis

    Environment / Climate / Range: Freshwater.

    Distribution: Asia: Yangtze and Jinsha-jiang drainages in China.

    Max length : 14.0 cm.

  9. #1699
    Kneria auriculata, Airbreathing shellear

    Environment / Climate / Range: Freshwater.

    Distribution: Africa: most mountain and plateau tributaries of the Zambezi, Pungwe, Buzi, Sabi/Save and Runde/Lundi rivers.

    Length at first maturity : Max length : 7.0 cm .

    Biology: Usually found in small headwater streams with fast water associated with rapids and a boulder stream floor, with or without aquatic vegetation.

    Knipowitschia caucasica , Caucasian dwarf goby

    Environment / Climate / Range: Freshwater.

    Distribution: Eurasia: along the coasts of Black, Azov, Caspian and Aegean seas west to Aliakmon drainage (Greece). Identity of the population along the eastern shore of Adriatic is questionable. Introduced in the Aral Sea and is now extirpated.

    Length at first maturity: Max length : 5.0 cm .

    Biology: Inhabit fresh to hyper-saline waters.

    Longtail dwarf goby, Knipowitschia longecaudata

    Environment / Climate / Range: Marine, Freshwater.

    Distribution: Eurasia: Brackish portions of the Black Sea, Sea of Azov and Caspian Sea.

    Length at first maturity : Max length : 5.0 cm.

    Knipowitschia punctatissima, Italian spring goby

    Environment / Climate / Range: Freshwater.

    Distribution: Europe: north-eastern Italy, including Veneto and eastern Po basin and Croatia.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 4.5 cm.

    Biology: A short-lived species (less than 2 years) which occurs in small and karstic springs and streams, densely vegetated channels and slow-flowing streams.

  10. #1700
    Knodus borki

    Environment / Climate / Range: Freshwater, Tropical.

    Distribution: South America: Iquitos, Peru.

    Knodus megalops

    Environment / Climate / Range: Freshwater.

    Distribution: South America: Amazon River basin.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 6.9 cm.

    Kochichthys flavofasciatus

    Environment / Climate / Range: Marine, Subtropical.

    Distribution; Pacific: Tosa Bay, Japan.

    Size / Weight / Age: Max length : 16.0 cm.


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